35. THE YEAR START SEQUENCE AND BRP CALCULATIONS
35.1 THE YEAR START SEQUENCE (YSS)
35.2 BRP CALCULATIONS - OVERVIEW
35.3 BRP BASE GROWTH IN THE YSS
35.4 BRP BASE CHANGES DURING THE YEAR
35.5 CALCULATION OF BRP TOTALS
35.6 BRP GAINS AND LOSSES
35.7 PRORATING AND TIMING
35.8 SCORCHED EARTH
35.9 U.S. ECONOMY
35.1 THE YEAR START SEQUENCE (YSS):
35.11 YSS AT THE START OF EACH YEAR: The YSS takes place at the start of each year, after each winter turn and before the ensuing spring turn.
35.12 NO YSS AT THE START OF SCENARIOS: No YSS takes place at the start of a scenario, as the initial BRP, DP and RP levels for each major power taking part in the scenario have already been calculated and are set out in the scenario. At the start of each scenario, DPs and RPs are allocated after all units are placed on the map.
35.13 STEPS: The YSS consists of the following steps:
A. BRP calculations (35.2-5).
B. Determining each major power's construction limit (27.3).
C. Allotting and allocating DPs (49.1-3) and RPs (41.2-3).
35.14 U.S. ELECTION: A U.S. election (62) occurs after the 1945 YSS is completed.
35.2 BRP CALCULATIONS - OVERVIEW:
35.21 BRP BASES: At the start of the game, each major power has a BRP base, which represents the resources of its national economy. This BRP base may increase (35.41) or decrease (35.42) as the game proceeds (EXCEPTION: China's BRP base may not change - 35.33).
35.22 RUSSIAN ICs: Russian-controlled ICs are not considered part of the Russian BRP base when determining the reduction in Russia’s BRP base from economic oil effects or Russia's permitted level of deficit spending (39.22). Increases in the BRP value of Russian-controlled ICs are not counted when determining the number of RPs generated by BRP growth (35.34). The BRP value of Russian-controlled ICs are counted when determining the Russian construction limit (27.32).
35.23 BRP TOTALS: BRP totals are calculated separately for each major power during each YSS. Major power BRP totals are calculated by the sum of each major power's BRP base and the value of their colonies, minor allies, associated minor countries, conquests and other areas with economic value (35.51). The BRP value of the Dutch East Indies is added to Britain's BRP total only once Britain is at war with Japan (89.24). Territories which are classified as key economic areas (38.3) are included in the BRP base of the major power which originally controlled them.
35.24 ALLIED TOTALS: In Global War, the British, Russian and American BRP levels are represented for the world as a whole, with each country making its own decision as to how to allocate its resources between theaters. In European scenarios, the BRPs represent the resources devoted to the European theater. In Pacific scenarios, Allied BRPs are not tracked.
35.3 BRP BASE GROWTH IN THE YSS:
35.31 GROWTH RATES: During each YSS, unspent BRPs from the previous year, as determined at the end of the previous winter game turn, are multiplied by the major power's growth rate. Fractions are dropped and the result is added to the major power's BRP base. The remaining BRPs are lost. The major power growth rates are as follows, reduced by 5% for each oil counter missing from the alliance faction oil reserve for the major power in question (33.61E):
A. Germany, Britain, France, Italy: 1940 YSS: 10%; 1941 YSS: 20%; 1942 YSS: 30%; 1943 YSS: 40%; 1944-1946 YSS: 50%; up to the maximum allowed for each country:
B. Russia: The RGT level at the end of the preceding winter game turn, up to a maximum of 50% (each RGT level equals one percentage point). Once war has broken out between Germany and Russia, the Russian growth rate remains at 50% for the remainder of the game.
- Germany: 50%
- Britain: 40%
- France: 30%
- Italy: 20%
C. U.S. and Japan: 50%
D. China: 0%
35.32 EFFECT OF UNBUILT UNITS ON NEUTRAL MAJOR POWERS: The BRP value of unbuilt ground and air units, including combat losses and force pool additions from mobilization and production, is deducted from the number of unspent BRPs when determining BRP growth for neutral major powers (EXCEPTION: Japanese units eliminated by China in Allied winter turns). Japan is considered a neutral major power until it is at war with Russia, Britain or the U.S. Britain is considered to be a neutral major power if not at war with Germany following a surrender.
35.33 BRP base growth is restricted as follows:
A. GERMANY: For each BRP by which the new German base would exceed its original value (150 BRPs), Germany must receive two BRPs from conquests and minor countries (35.51A-G). Excess growth is disregarded.
B. CHINA: China, which has a growth rate of zero, never increases its BRP base. China may improve its economic position only by recapturing Chinese objectives from Japan.
35.34 GENERATING RPs BY GROWTH:. In each YSS, one additional RP is received for every 25 BRPs of growth (41.23). BRPs from mobilizations and increases in the BRP value of Russian ICs are not counted (36.21).
35.35 NEGATIVE BRP GROWTH: If a major power ends the year with a BRP deficit, the amount of the deficit is multiplied by the major power’s growth rate (35.31) and the major power’s BRP base is reduced by the resulting amount (round fractions in favor of BRP base reduction) to a minimum BRP base of zero (35.46). The remaining BRP deficit is deducted from the major power’s BRP total for the ensuing year (35.53).
35.4 BRP BASE CHANGES DURING THE YEAR:
35.41 INCREASES: A major power's BRP base may increase during the year through mobilization (36.21). This is distinct from BRP growth during a YSS (35.3).
35.42 DECREASES: A major power's BRP base may decrease during the year as follows:
A. LOSS OF GERMAN CONQUESTS: If the German BRP base exceeds its original value (150 BRPs), Germany must be receiving two BRPs from conquests and minor countries (35.51A-G) for each additional BRP of German base. At the end of any Axis combat phase in which this condition is not met, the German BRP base is reduced, at no additional BRP cost to Germany other than the normal BRP loss (35.63), to 150 BRPs plus half the value of its conquests and minor countries.
B. UNINVERSION OF JAPANESE AIR UNITS WITHOUT OIL USE: For each Japanese air factor, or its NAS equivalent, uninverted while Japan is subject to the air oil effect (33.93F), the Japanese BRP base is reduced by one BRP.
35.43 LOSS OF KEY ECONOMIC AREAS: If an originally controlled key economic area is captured (38.2), the BRP base of the major power which originally controlled that key economic area is unaffected (38.22) but the major power’s construction limit is reduced (27.33).
35.44 CHANGES IN BRP BASES AFFECT CONSTRUCTION LIMITS: Decreases in a major power's BRP base (35.42) reduce that major power's construction limit (27.31). Similarly, increases in a major power's BRP base from mobilization (36.21) raise that major power's construction limit (27.31).
35.45 OTHER LOSSES DO NOT AFFECT BRP BASES: BRP losses from other causes, such as bombing, insufficient transports, and the loss of conquests or colonies, do not reduce major power BRP bases.
35.46 BRP BASE MAY NOT DROP BELOW ZERO: A major power's BRP base may not drop below zero (EXCEPTION: Regardless of what happens to the British BRP base associated with Britain itself, the 20 BRPs from Canada and South Africa are never lost, and the 20 BRPs for Australia and India are lost only if those countries surrender to Japan. Thus the British BRP base normally may not drop below 40 BRPs, reduced to 30 or 20 BRPs if one or both of Australia and India surrender).
35.5 CALCULATION OF BRP TOTALS:
35.51 YSS CALCULATIONS: During each YSS, the total number of BRPs for each major power is calculated by adding to its BRP base for that year the BRP value of the following:
A. Conquered major powers.
B. Captured key economic areas.
C. Colonies and conquered minor countries.
D. Active minor allies.
E. Associated minor countries.
F. Economically penetrated minor countries.
G. Captured or controlled ICs.
and by subtracting the BRP value of:
H. BRP deficits from the previous year which did not reduce the major power’s BRP base (35.35).
I. Originally controlled key economic areas (38.3) controlled by another alliance faction.
35.52 SUPPLY IRRELEVANT: The supply status of an area is irrelevant when counting its BRPs during the YSS.
35.53 BRP DEFICITS: If a major power ends a year with a BRP deficit, regardless of its cause, part of that deficit reduces the major power’s BRP base (35.35) and the remainder is deducted from the major power’s BRP total for the ensuing year (35.51H).
EXAMPLE: Britain has a 15 BRP deficit in at the end of 1940. Britain’s BRP base is reduced by 3 BRPs (-15 BRPs times the 20% British growth rate for the 1941 YSS) and the remaining 12 BRPs are deducted from the British BRP total for 1941. Britain begins 1941 with a BRP base of 117 BRPs (40 BRPs of which are derived from the Commonwealth) and 50 BRPs from its colonies, minus the 12 BRPs deducted from 1940, for a total of 155 BRPs.
By Winter 1941 the Axis have invaded Britain and captured London, Birmingham and Manchester. Axis bombing, British transport shortages, territorial losses and expenditures have resulted in Britain having a deficit of -50 BRPs by the start of the Allied Winter 1941 player turn.
In its Winter 1941 player turn Britain may spend no more than 6 BRPs on offensive operations, because its non-Commonwealth BRP base (77 BRPs), adjusted for the loss of the British key economic areas (-60 BRPs) is 17 BRPs. A deficit of -56 BRPs will result in a reduction of Britain’s non-Commonwealth BRP base of -17 BRPs (-56 BRPs times the 30% British growth rate for the 1942 YSS = -16.6, rounded in favor of BRP base reduction to -17 BRPs). Spending even one additional BRP on offensive operations would exceed the British limit on deficit spending (-57 BRPs times 30% = -17.1 BRPs, rounded in favor of BRP base reduction to -18 BRPs). See 39.22A for deficit spending limits.
Britain spends 3 BRPs on offensive operations, increasing its deficit to -53 BRPs. Britain then loses another -5 BRPs because it has failed to recapture 20 BRPs of colonies captured by Japan. Britain’s deficit increases to -58 BRPs. The U.S. then grants Britain 20 BRPs, reducing Britain’s deficit to -38 BRPs. Britain may then spend up to 18 BRPs on unit construction, as the maximum allowable British BRP deficit is -56 BRPs (more effective Axis strategic warfare might have caused a BRP deficit greater than -56 BRPs, but Britain may not itself cause its BRP deficit to exceed -56 BRPs).
35.6 BRP GAINS AND LOSSES:
35.61 Major powers may gain or lose BRPs in the course of play.
35.62 BRP GAINS: BRPs are gained for minor countries which activate as minor allies, associate, or are economically penetrated and for conquests in the previous turn. Such BRP additions are prorated in summer, fall and winter turns. BRP gains from mobilizations and Russian IC increases are not prorated.
35.63 BRP LOSSES: BRPs are lost for minor countries which diplomatically withdraw from an alliance faction, the failure to recapture previously conquered areas, when an IC or key economic area comes under enemy control, or when a major power implements a scorched earth policy (35.8). Such BRP losses are prorated in summer, fall and winter turns. BRPs lost to enemy strategic bombing and flying bomb or rocket attacks are not prorated.
35.64 CONTESTED AREAS: If a minor ally capital, associated minor country capital or conquest for which an Axis major power received BRPs is captured by the Allies during the Allied Winter player turn, the controlling Axis major power receives the BRPs for the area in the following YSS and would lose the prorated BRPs for the area at the end of the combat phase of its Spring player turn if it failed to recapture the area. The Allied major power which gained control of the minor country would not include the BRPs for the area in its YSS, but would add the BRPs for the area in its Spring player turn if it retained control of it.
35.65 Each major power's BRP base, conquests, minor allies and associated minor countries are set out for each scenario. If a minor country controlled by a major power at the start of a scenario (including its colonies) is captured by enemy forces, that major power loses the BRPs for the minor country if it does not recapture the minor country during its next player turn.
35.7 PRORATING AND TIMING:
35.71 PRORATING: BRP gains and losses (35.62, 35.63) are prorated as follows (round down):
A. Spring: 100%
B. Summer: 75%
C. Fall: 50%
D. Winter: 25%
35.72 All BRP additions and losses during the diplomatic phase are added together before prorating. Similarly, all BRP losses at the end of the combat phase are added together before prorating.
35.73 TIMING: The timing of BRP additions and losses is determined as follows:
A. CONQUESTS: BRPs for conquests in spring, summer and fall turns are received, respectively, at the end of the diplomatic phase of the conquering major power's summer, fall and winter player turn with the prorating being based upon the turn in which the BRPs are received, not the turn in which the conquest occurred. BRPs for Axis conquests in a winter turn are received in the YSS which follows the winter turn.
B. MINOR COUNTRIES: BRPs received or lost because a minor country activates as a minor ally, associates with a major power, is economically penetrated by a major power or diplomatically withdraws from a major power are received or lost at the end of the diplomatic phase in which the event occurs. If the event occurs during the opponent's diplomatic phase, the affected major power receives or loses the BRPs at the end of the opponent's diplomatic phase.
C. LOSS OF CONQUESTS AND MINOR COUNTRIES: BRPs for conquests, minor countries and colonies are lost at the end of the combat phase in which the major power which received the BRPs fails to recapture the area. Recapture by an allied major power transfers hex control and the accompanying BRPs to the allied major power (EXCEPTION: Partisan-controlled hexes - 11.62).
D. CAPTURE OF KEY ECONOMIC AREAS AND ICs: BRPs lost due to the capture of key economic areas controlled by the originally controlling major power and Russian controlled ICs are lost at the end of the opposing player's combat phase in which the key economic areas and ICs were captured. The owning major power does not have an opportunity to recapture the key economic areas and ICs to avoid this BRP loss. For BRP gains and losses, loss or recapture of key economic areas controlled by a major power other than the originally controlling major power and Axis controlled ICs are treated as conquests (37.44, 38.23).
35.8 SCORCHED EARTH:
35.81 SCORCHED EARTH: A major power may voluntarily eliminate the prorated BRP value of any conquest or colony in order to deny them to the enemy. To implement this policy, the major power in question must have received the BRPs from the conquest or colony in or since the previous YSS, and may not have lost the BRPs for the conquest or colony since gaining the BRPs. Should the conquest or colony then be lost later in the year, no additional BRP losses are incurred.
35.82 TIMING: Scorched earth policies are announced and take effect during the unit construction phase of the major power which controls the area in question.
35.83 RESTRICTIONS: BRPs from minor allies, associated, economically penetrated or diplomatically co-opted minor countries, and originally controlled key economic areas may not be so designated.
35.84 NO EFFECT ON CONTROL OR FUTURE VALUE: The implementation of a scorched earth policy for a conquest or colony has no effect on the control of that conquest or colony or on the BRP value of the conquest or colony in subsequent years.
35.85 TEMPORARY BRP VALUE OF ZERO: Any area which has been subject to a scorched earth policy has no BRP value for the remainder of the year. No BRPs are gained for the conquest of an area which has been subject to a scorched earth policy.
EXAMPLE: Russia conquers the Baltic States in 1940. Germany attacks Russia in Summer 1941, but does not gain control of the Baltic States. Russia may implement a scorched earth policy for the Baltic States during its Summer 1941 player turn, at a cost of 11 BRPs (75% of 15, the prorated value of the Baltic States). If Germany captures the Baltic States in Fall 1941, Russia would not incur any additional BRP losses for failing to recapture the Baltic States and Germany would not receive any BRPs for the conquest of the Baltic States until the 1942 YSS.
35.9 U.S. ECONOMY:
35.91 UNITED STATES: The conversion of the U.S. economy to war production was one of the most important factors in the Allied victory in World War II. The U.S. economy is therefore handled somewhat differently from that of other major powers, to reflect this dramatic increase in American production.
35.92 U.S. STARTING BRP LEVELS: The U.S. begins all games with a BRP base of 100 BRPs in Fall 1939. This applies to a Global War campaign game and the European and Pacific scenarios.
35.93 SINGLE U.S. BRP TOTAL: In Global War games, the U.S. BRP total is not kept separately for each theater and the U.S. is subject to a single, global construction limit.
35.94 EFFECT OF AMERICAN MOBILIZATIONS: Each American mobilization adds 25 BRPs to the American BRP base and BRP level (36.21B).
35.95 AMERICAN BRP GROWTH: The U.S. calculates BRP growth normally during each YSS, beginning with the 1940 YSS.