40. BRP GRANTS
40.1 OVERVIEW
40.2 MECHANICS
40.3 RESTRICTIONS ON BRP GRANTS
40.4 MURMANSK CONVOYS
40.5 BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA THROUGH PERSIA
40.6 BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA THROUGH TURKEY
40.7 BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA THROUGH SIBERIA
40.8 BRP GRANTS TO CHINA

40.1 OVERVIEW:
40.11 BRPs may be granted from one major power to another or from the U.S. to Canada, South Africa, Australia or India during initial supply determination and post-combat supply determination.
40.12 Subject to enemy air attack or naval interception, BRP grants arrive immediately after they are made.

40.2 MECHANICS:
40.21 SUPPLY LINE REQUIRED: BRP grants are made during initial supply determination and post-combat supply determination and require the tracing of a supply line from an unlimited supply source controlled by the grantor in its home country to any hex in the recipient in which unit construction is permitted or, for Russia, the Urals box. The required supply line for BRP grants may be traced by land (30.321) or by sea (40.22).
40.22 BRP GRANTS BY SEA:
40.221 TRANSPORT REQUIREMENTS: Western Allied BRP grants by sea require sea escort by one Western Allied transport for every five BRPs granted (round up).
A. ATLANTIC TRANSPORTS: Atlantic transports must be used to sea escort BRP grants from Britain, France or the U.S. which pass through the Atlantic.
B. PACIFIC TRANSPORTS: Pacific transports must be used to sea escort BRP grants from the U.S. which pass through the Pacific.
C. INDIAN OCEAN TRANSPORTS: Indian Ocean transports must be used to sea escort BRP grants to Russia, India or China via the South Africa and Australia boxes.
40.222 BRP grants to different ultimate destinations may be carried by the same transport for the part of their grant route which is between the same two mapboard boxes.
40.223 ENEMY ACTION: BRP grants by sea are subject to interception and attack by enemy naval and air forces as they trace a path on the mapboard. If combat losses cause the number of transports assigned to a BRP grant to drop below that required, some or all of the BRPs being granted are eliminated. The off-board portion of BRP grant routes may not be intercepted or attacked.
40.224 TIMING: All BRP grants are completed in the player turn in which they are made, subject to enemy interception.
40.225 COST: There is no cost to BRP grants, other than the BRPs themselves and the one-time cost of opening the Persian (40.52) and Alaskan (40.72) routes.
40.23 EFFECT OF BRP GRANTS:
A. GRANTING MAJOR POWER: A major power announces its intention to grant BRPs during initial supply determination or post-combat supply determination.
B. RECIPIENT MAJOR POWER:
40.24 MECHANICS:
40.241 GERMAN BRP GRANTS TO ITALY: German BRP grants to Italy must be made by land.
40.242 BRITISH BRP GRANTS TO FRANCE: British BRP grants to France must be made by sea.
40.243 AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO BRITAIN AND FRANCE: American BRP grants to Britain and France must be made by sea.
40.244 AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES: BRPs granted to Canada, South Africa, Australia and India are limited to the BRP expenditures for the construction of the recipientís units, including shipbuilding, in the turn of the grant and count against the American construction limit. American BRP grants to Commonwealth countries have no effect on the British BRP level or the British construction limit.
A. CANADA: The U.S. may grant BRPs to Canada by land without using transports.
B. SOUTH AFRICA: The U.S. may grant BRPs to South Africa by sea through the Atlantic.
C. AUSTRALIA: The U.S. may grant BRPs to Australia by sea through the Pacific.
D. INDIA: The U.S. may grant BRPs to India by sea by either of two routes:
∑           To the South Africa box through the Atlantic, then to the India box through the Indian Ocean.
∑           To the Australia box through the Pacific, then to the India box through the Indian Ocean.
40.245 AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO CHINA: BRP grants to China must be made via a Chinese or French Indochinese port, the Burma Road, or the Hump (40.8).
40.246 WESTERN ALLIED BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA: BRP grants to Russia must be made via Murmansk (40.4), Persia (40.5), Turkey (40.6) or Siberia (40.7).
40.25 WESTERN ALLIED OIL SHIPMENTS TO RUSSIA: Oil counters may be shipped to Russia by the Western Allies, in addition to or instead of BRP grants, provided the route in question is available. The maximum number of oil counters that may be shipped to Russia each turn is:
A. Murmansk: Two.
B. Persia: One.
C. Turkey: One.
D. Siberia: One.
40.251 Each oil counter shipped counts as 10 BRPs against the limit of the BRP route used. Oil may not be shipped to Russia by a route with a capacity of less than 10 BRPs per turn.
40.252 Each oil counter shipped by sea requires sea escort by one Western Allied transport; oil counters moved by land from Abadan or Ahwaz through Persia or from Mosul through Turkey do not.
40.253 Western Allied and Russian BRP levels and construction limits are not affected by oil shipments (33.4623).

40.3 RESTRICTIONS ON BRP GRANTS:
40.31 GENERAL RESTRICTIONS: The restrictions on BRP grants for each major power are set out below. Major powers may only grant BRPs as specified.
40.32 AXIS BRP GRANTS:
A. Germany may grant BRPs to Italy, even while Italy is neutral.
B. Italy may not grant BRPs.
C. Japan may neither grant nor receive BRPs.
40.33 AMERICAN BRP GRANTS:
40.331 EUROPE:
A. AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO THE WESTERN ALLIES: American BRP grants to France and Britain, including Canada and South Africa, are limited to one BRP per turn for each USAT level above 25 at the moment the grant is sent (one BRP could be granted if the USAT level was 26, two BRPs could be granted if the USAT level was 27, and so on), up to a maximum grant of 25 BRPs per turn. Once the U.S. is at war with Germany, there is no limit on the number of BRPs the U.S. may grant France and Britain, including Canada and South Africa, other than the logistics of the BRP grants themselves and the number of BRPs required for Canadian and South African construction. Grants to France are allowed only if Paris is under Allied control.
B. AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA: The U.S. may not grant BRPs to Russia unless the U.S. is at war with Germany and Russia and Germany have gone to war.
40.332 PACIFIC:
A. AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO CHINA: Before the outbreak of war between Japan and the U.S., American BRP grants to China are limited by the USJT level. Only the U.S. may grant BRPs to China.
B. AMERICAN BRP GRANTS TO AUSTRALIA AND INDIA: The U.S. may not grant BRPs to Australia or India until the outbreak of war between Japan and the U.S. or a British surrender.
C. INDIAN SURRENDER: If India surrenders, BRP grants to China through the India box are prohibited.
D. AUSTRALIAN SURRENDER: If Australia surrenders, BRP grants to China or India through the Australia box are prohibited.
40.333 POST-ELECTION GRANTS: The extent to which American BRP grants are allowed to the Western Allies or China after an election result of -7 or below is governed by the USAT or USJT level in the relevant theater (62.52).
40.34 BRITAIN:
A. BRITISH BRP GRANTS TO FRANCE: Britain may grant BRPs to France only if all Anglo-French cooperation restrictions have been lifted and Paris is under Allied control.
B. BRITISH BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA: Britain may grant BRPs to Russia once Russia and Germany have gone to war.
C. BRITISH BRP GRANTS TO THE U.S.: Britain may not grant BRPs to the U.S.
40.35 FRANCE: France may grant BRPs to Russia once Russia and Germany have gone to war. France may not grant BRPs to Britain or the U.S.
40.36 RUSSIA: Once Russia has gone to war with Germany, the Western Allies may grant BRPs to Russia. Russia may not grant BRPs.

40.4 MURMANSK CONVOYS:
40.41 The route for Western Allied aid to Russia with the greatest capacity is by Arctic convoy to Murmansk and Archangel. The drawbacks to this route are that Murmansk convoys are subject to attack from German air and naval units based in Norway and German submarines, and that the terminus of the Murmansk route may be cut by Axis advances in northern Russia.
40.411 CAPACITY OF MURMANSK ROUTE: The capacity of the Murmansk route is five BRPs in the first Allied player turn following the outbreak of war between Russia and Germany; ten BRPs in the second Allied player turn; 15 BRPs in the third Allied player turn; and 20 BRPs in each Allied player turn thereafter for the remainder of the game.
40.412 THE RUSSIAN PORTION OF THE MURMANSK ROUTE: The Russian portion of the Murmansk convoy route is traced as follows:
A. MURMANSK (year round): From the northern edge of the mapboard through hex A47, which represents the railroad from Murmansk to Vologda. To receive a Murmansk convoy through Murmansk, Russia must control hex A47 and be able to trace a land supply line from the northern edge of the mapboard through hex A47 to a Russian-controlled Vologda.
B. ARCHANGEL (summer and fall turns only): From the northern edge of the mapboard through hex A50, which represents the railroad from Archangel, to Vologda. To receive a Murmansk convoy through Archangel, Russia must control hex A50 and be able to trace a land supply line from the northern edge of the mapboard through hex A50 to a Russian-controlled Vologda.
C. VOLOGDA: Through Vologda to the eastern edge of the mapboard. Murmansk convoys are prohibited if Vologda is under Axis control, in an Axis ZoC or if Russia is unable to trace a supply line from Vologda to the eastern edge of the mapboard.

Murmansk and Archangel are both too far north to appear on the mapboard. During winter and spring turns, ice prevents convoys to Archangel, which is connected to Vologda by a rail line passing through hex A50. Thus Russian control of hex A47 and the route to Vologda permits Murmansk convoys year round, while retention of the Archangel route permits Murmansk convoys only during summer and fall turns. The loss of Vologda itself prevents Murmansk convoys, regardless of the turn.

40.42 ALLIED NAVAL UNITS: Atlantic transports used in a Murmansk convoy may be protected by additional naval units, including carriers, but not ASW. These additional naval units may be based in any western front port, the Atlantic U.S. box or the Atlantic SW box. Naval units which protect a Murmansk convoy enter the Murmansk box by moving off the north edge of the board between hexes A23 and A34, inclusive, and are subject to interception as they do so. If more than one nation is sending BRPs by convoy, all such convoys merge into a single convoy as soon as they enter the Murmansk box.
40.43 UNOPPOSED CONVOYS:
40.431 ALL BRPs ADDED TO RUSSIAN TOTAL: If a Murmansk convoy is unopposed, all the BRPs convoyed to Russia are immediately added to the Russian total.
40.44 OPPOSING MURMANSK CONVOYS: Murmansk convoys may be opposed by German air units, naval units and submarines as follows:
A. The German units must be based in an operational Bergen or Scapa Flow.
B. In addition to any German submarines based in Bergen or Scapa Flow, if Bergen or Scapa Flow is an operational Axis port, one German submarine in the Atlantic SW box may attack a Murmansk convoy for every ten German submarines in the Atlantic SW box (round up).
40.45 GERMAN ATTACKS ON MURMANSK CONVOYS:
A. The German player indicates which German air and naval units based in Bergen or Scapa Flow will intercept the Allied convoy. All air units are considered to be within range of the Allied convoy and naval interception is automatic without risk of air attack or counter-interception. Submarines that choose to intercept are designated as intercepting either in conjunction with or separate from any other intercepting naval units.
B. If only German land-based air units and/or submarines intercept the Allied convoy, the German player resolves air and submarine attacks normally. These attacks are considered to occur in a maximum of six off-board hexes as the convoy sails around northern Norway into the Barents Sea.
C. If German naval units intercept the Allied convoy, naval combat is resolved normally. German air units based in Bergen or Scapa Flow are considered to be within range of and may participate in or be attacked during the naval combat.†Submarines designated as intercepting in conjunction with German naval units may participate in the naval combat. Naval combat continues until one side or the other withdraws (22.6). If the Western Allies withdraw, the Murmansk convoy aborts.
D. German land-based air units and/or submarines that intercepted separately from other naval units may attack a convoy before naval combat is resolved or, if the convoy continues, after naval combat is resolved.
E. Once a Murmansk convoy aborts, it is considered to have moved out of air range of the German bases in northern Norway. No additional air attacks are permitted, and no further naval combat or submarine attacks are resolved.
40.46 EFFECTS ON CONVOY: The number of BRPs lost due to attacks by German air and naval units on any combat group in the Allied convoy are as follows:
A. AIR ATTACKS AND FLEET COMBAT: One BRP for each hit inflicted on the defending light ships.
B. SUBMARINE ATTACKS: One BRP for each hit inflicted by submarine.
40.47 MURMANSK CONVOY RESULTS:
A. BRPS: After submarine attacks are resolved, all surviving BRPs in the convoy are added to the Russian BRP total. The number of BRPs reaching Russia can never exceed five BRPs for each surviving Western Allied transport assigned to the convoy. Excess BRPs are eliminated. If the Germans defeated the Allies in fleet combat and forced the convoy to turn back, or if the convoy aborts, all surviving BRPs are returned to the grantorís BRP total.
B. OIL: If a Murmansk convoy oil shipment to Russia incurs BRP damage:
40.48 DISPOSITION OF UNITS AFTER COMBAT: After resolving any opposition to a Murmansk convoy:
A. GERMAN AIR AND NAVAL UNITS: Surviving German air and naval units return to Bergen or Scapa Flow.
B. GERMAN SUBMARINES: Surviving German submarines return to Bergen, Scapa Flow or the Atlantic SW box.
C. WESTERN ALLIED NAVAL UNITS: Surviving Western Allied naval units return to their port or mapboard box of origin.

40.5 BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA THROUGH PERSIA:
40.51 CAPACITY:
A. 10 BRPs may be granted to Russia through Persia each turn if the Persian route has been opened by the Western Allies.
B. The capacity of the Persian route is reduced by 5 BRPs per turn by each Persian partisan adjacent to Abadan, Ahwaz or Tehran (40.532).
C. Oil may not be shipped to Russia by the Persian route if the capacity of the Persian route has been reduced (40.251).

BRP grants through Persia are more difficult to stop than Murmansk convoys (40.4), but the Persian route costs BRPs to open and the capacity of the southern route is smaller, as no more than 10 BRPs may be sent each turn.

40.52 OPENING THE PERSIAN ROUTE:
40.521 25-BRP EXPENDITURE REQUIRED: To use the Persian route, one Western Allied major power at war with the Axis must pay 25 BRPs during its unit construction phase. This expenditure represents the cost of creating and improving transportation facilities in Persia and the exertion of political pressure, and does not count against the expending major powerís unit construction limit.
40.522 REDUCTION OF BRP EXPENDITURE: If either the Axis or Allies have declared war on Persia, the Allies may open the Persian BRP route by expending 15 BRPs. Otherwise an expenditure of 25 BRPs is required.
40.523 FRENCH OR BRITISH SURRENDER: If the Western Allied major power which paid to open the Persian BRP route surrenders, the Persian route remains open without the need for further BRP expenditures.
40.524 EFFECTS OF OPENING THE PERSIAN ROUTE:
A. During the unit construction phase in which a Western Allied major power pays the BRPs to open the Persian route, all Persian hexes not occupied by Axis units come under the joint control of all Western Allied major powers.
B. Axis units in Persia are considered to be in partial supply during the first Axis player turn following the opening of the Persian BRP route (88.642).
C. Any Persian hexes controlled by Russia pass to Western Allied control when the Persian route is opened.
D. Western Allied units may redeploy through Persia in the redeployment phase of the Allied player turn in which the Persian route is opened, and in subsequent turns, provided no Axis units or counters are adjacent to the redeployment route.
E. Western Allied units may sea transport through Abadan in the movement phase of the Allied player turn following the opening of the Persian route, and in subsequent turns, provided all other requirements for sea transport are met.
F. The opening of the Persian route does not damage the Persian oil centers.
40.525 RESTRICTIONS ON OPENING THE PERSIAN ROUTE: The Allies may not open the Persian route:
A. Before Germany and Russia have gone to war.
B. While Persia is unconquered after an Allied declaration of war.
C. If the Axis control Tehran, including control by a Persian partisan.
40.526 If Persia is an Axis associated minor country or if the Axis control Tehran, Tehran must be captured by the Allies to permit the opening of the Persian route.
40.53 CUTTING THE PERSIAN ROUTE: Allied BRPs may not be sent to Russia through Persia if the Allies are unable to trace a continuous supply line from the South Africa box onto the mapboard through hexes NN41, NN42 or NN43, through Basra or Abadan, through Tehran, to the eastern edge of the mapboard in Russia or Persia. Persian oil may not be sent to Russia if the Allies are unable to trace a land supply line from Abadan or Ahwaz, through Tehran, to the eastern edge of the mapboard in Russia or Persia.
40.531 RESTORING THE PERSIAN ROUTE: If the above condition arises, the Allies may reopen the Persian route, without the need for a second 25-BRP expenditure, by reestablishing the required supply line.
40.532 EFFECT OF PERSIAN PARTISANS: Each Persian partisan adjacent to Abadan, Ahwaz or Tehran reduces the capacity of the Persian BRP route by five BRPs. Oil may not be shipped to Russia by the Persian route if the capacity of the Persian route has been reduced (40.251).
40.54 MECHANICS: Starting in the turn after the Persian route is opened, Western Allied BRPs may be granted to Russia through Persia by shipping them through the Atlantic to the South Africa box, then through the Indian Ocean to Persia, then by land to Russia.

40.6 BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA THROUGH TURKEY:
40.61 CAPACITY:
A. 10 BRPs may be granted to Russia through Turkey each turn if Ankara is controlled by the Allies.
B. The capacity of the Turkish route is reduced by two BRPs per turn for each Axis Turkish partisan on the board, for a maximum reduction of 6 BRPs per turn (40.65).
C. Oil may not be shipped to Russia by the Turkish route if the capacity of the Turkish route has been reduced (40.251).
40.62 ROUTE: Allied BRP grants to Russia may be made through Turkey if the Allies can trace a continuous supply line through a Turkish port, through Turkey, to the eastern edge of the mapboard in Russia. The required supply line from the Turkish port to Russia may only pass through Allied-controlled hexes in Turkey and Russia which are not in an Axis ZoC.
40.63 MECHANICS: BRPs may be granted through Turkey by two routes:
A. MEDITERRANEAN: The BRPs are shipped through the Atlantic and Mediterranean to Istanbul, Izmit, Izmir or Antioch, then through Turkey into Russia.
B. INDIAN OCEAN: The BRPs are shipped through the Atlantic to the South Africa box, then through the Indian Ocean to Suez, then from Suez by sea through the Mediterranean to Istanbul, Izmit, Izmir or Antioch, then by land to Russia.
40.64 INTERCEPTION: The Axis may prevent BRP grants through Turkey by intercepting them in the Atlantic or Mediterranean or by cutting the land portion of the supply line. The Atlantic or Indian Ocean transports used to carry the BRPs through the Mediterranean to the Turkish port are at risk if the Axis intercept or attack the grant.
40.65 EFFECT OF TURKISH PARTISANS: Each Axis Turkish partisan on the board reduces the capacity of the Turkish route by two BRPs per turn. Oil may not be shipped to Russia by the Turkish route if the capacity of the Turkish route has been reduced (40.251).
40.66 NO ACTIVATION COST: In contrast to the Persian BRP route, no activation cost need be paid by the Western Allies to send BRP grants through Turkey.

40.7 BRP GRANTS TO RUSSIA THROUGH SIBERIA:
40.71 MECHANICS: Starting in the turn after the U.S. has built the Alaska highway, American BRP grants may be made to Russia by sea through the Pacific.
40.72 THE ALASKA HIGHWAY: To use the Siberian BRP route, the U.S. must first expand the transpo≠rta≠tion routes through the wilds of British Columbia and Alaska. Construction of the Alaska highway costs 25 BRPs, may not be undertaken unless the U.S. and Germany are at war, and does not count against the American construction limit.
40.73 CAPACITY OF THE SIBERIAN ROUTE:
A. 10 BRPs may be granted to Russia by the U.S. via Siberia each turn once the Alaska highway is built.
B. The capacity of the Siberian route is reduced to 5 BRPs per turn if Japan is at war with Russia or if Japan controls either Vladivostok or Dutch Harbor.
C. Oil may not be shipped to Russia by the Siberian route if the capacity of the Siberian route has been reduced to 5 BRPs per turn (40.251).
40.74 INTERCEPTION PROHIBITED: Siberian grants do not occur on the mapboard and may not be intercepted or attacked.

40.8 BRP GRANTS TO CHINA:
40.81 Before the outbreak of war between Japan and the U.S., the U.S. may grant BRPs to China only as permitted by the USJT level. After the outbreak of war between Japan and the U.S., American BRP grants to China are limited only by the capacity of the BRP routes to China.
40.82 MECHANICS: American BRP grants to China are made by sending the granted BRPs along one of the following routes. All land hexes along the route must be under Allied control and free of Japanese ZoCs.
A. From the Pacific U.S. box through the Pacific, then on the Pacific mapboard to:
The Pacific transports used to carry the BRPs to the port in Asia are at risk if Japan intercepts or attacks the grant anywhere at sea.
B. From the Pacific U.S. box through the Pacific to the Australia box; then through the Indian Ocean to the India box, then to Kunming via the Burma Road (40.84) or over the Hump (40.85).
C. From the Atlantic U.S. box through the Atlantic to the South Africa box, then through the Indian Ocean to the India box, then to Kunming via the Burma Road (40.84) or over the Hump (40.85).
40.83 CHINESE PORTS AND FRENCH INDOCHINA: Up to ten BRPs may be granted to China via a Chinese port or French Indochina each turn.
40.831 RESTRICTIONS:
A. BRP grants may be made through a Chinese port only if the Chinese or Western Allies have recaptured such a port from Japan.
B. BRP grants may be made through French Indochina only if the Western Allies control Haiphong and can trace a supply line from Haiphong to Kunming without passing through Burma.
40.84 THE BURMA ROAD: Up to ten BRPs may be granted to China via the Burma Road each turn.
40.841 RESTRICTIONS: The Burma Road is closed if there is no supply line from the India box to Mandalay, then from Mandalay to Kunming.
40.85 THE HUMP: Up to five BRPs may be granted to China over the Himalayas each turn.
40.851 MECHANICS: One uninverted Western Allied air transport factor must be used to fly BRPs to China. The air transport must fly from a Western Allied air base in India or Burma over the Himalayas to Kunming. Both must be operational air bases. The air route of the grant may be traced over hexes adjacent to Japanese units, but not over hexes under Japanese control, and may not be more than three hexes in length.
40.852 INTERCEPTION: BRP grants to China using air transport may be intercepted by Japanese air units (18.621), which can in turn be counter-intercepted by Allied air units (18.622).