53. MAJOR POWER COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS
53.1 OVERVIEW
53.2 ANGLO-FRENCH COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS
53.3 GERMAN-ITALIAN COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS
53.4 RUSSO-ALLIED COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS
53.5 NATIONALIST-COMMUNIST CHINESE COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS

53.1 OVERVIEW:
53.11 TWO TYPES OF COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS: Cooperation restrictions can apply between:
A. ALLIANCE FACTION PARTNERS: Britain and France; Germany and Italy.
B. FACTIONS: Western Allies and Russia; including Nationalist and Communist China.

53.2 ANGLO-FRENCH COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS:
53.21 COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS TEMPORARY: Friction between Britain and France early in the war limits cooperation between the two powers as set out below. Some or all of the Anglo-French cooperation restrictions can be lifted by a successful Anglo-French cooperation research result. Regardless of the current Anglo-French cooperation level from research, all Anglo-French cooperation restrictions are lifted at the earliest of the following three times:
A. The start of the second Allied player turn following any one of:
* A German declaration of war on Russia.
B. The start of the Allied Spring 1941 player turn.
C. The start of the Allied player turn after France surrenders.
53.22 RESTRICTIONS ON ANGLO-FRENCH COOPERATION: While Anglo-French cooperation restrictions are in effect, the following rules apply unless negated by a specific Anglo-French cooperation research result:
53.23 PROHIBITED HEXES: British units may not occupy:
A. Paris;
B. Marseilles or Lyon;
C. The city of Vichy;
D. Any Maginot hex. Once a Maginot Line hex has been occupied by Axis forces, British forces may enter it, even if France has not fallen and Anglo-French cooperation restrictions are still in effect.
53.231 PASSAGE THROUGH PROHIBITED HEXES PERMITTED: Passage through these prohibited hexes during movement, sea transport, air missions, exploitation or redeployment is allowed, but British units may not end the movement, combat or redeployment phase in any of the prohibited hexes and are eliminated if forced to retreat into such hexes after attrition combat.
53.24 FRENCH UNITS MAY NOT ENTER BRITISH AREAS: French ground, air and naval units may not enter British colonies or possessions, including Gibraltar (EXCEPTIONS: France may use British-controlled ports to meet range restrictions; French naval units may NR past a British-controlled Gibraltar; French naval units may temporarily base in British-controlled ports if forced to do so (53.243); French units may participate in an Allied reconquest of a British colony which has been conquered by the Axis). French units may never enter Britain itself, regardless of Anglo-French cooperation restrictions (75.31).
53.241 FRENCH AIR ACTIVITY PERMITTED: The restriction in 53.24 does not prevent French air units from flying missions over or into Britain or British colonies or possessions, provided the air units are not based in such areas. French air units may redeploy through such areas.
53.242 FRENCH NAVAL UNITS: French naval units may only base in France, French colonies or captured, French-controlled ports.
53.243 DISPLACED FRENCH NAVAL UNITS: Displaced French naval units which have no French base available within range may temporarily move to the nearest vacant British-controlled port outside Britain that is within range. Until the end of the player turn in which the French naval units return to a French-controlled port or the applicable Anglo-French cooperation restrictions are lifted, the French naval units are inverted and no British units may enter the port they occupy.
53.25 STACKING: British and French units and counters may not stack together under any circumstances.
53.251 PROHIBITED ACTIVITIES: The restriction in 53.25 prohibits the following:
A. EXPLOITATION: British armor may not exploit a French breakthrough. If British and French units combine in an attack, and a British unit advanced into the enemy hex, British armor could exploit, even if the British armor were adjacent only to French units, and even if the only armor unit involved in the original attack were French.
B. OVERRUNS: British and French units may not combine to execute an overrun.
C. AIR BASING: British air units may not base on a French airbase counter. British ground units and naval units may not stack with a French airbase counter.
D. DEFENSIVE AIR SUPPORT: British air units may not provide defensive air support for French units.
E. GROUND SUPPORT AND AIR INTERCEPTION: British and French air units may not combine to provide ground support for an attack directed against enemy units on a single hex, nor may France provide ground support in a hex in which a British airdrop is made. Similarly, British air units may not intercept Axis defensive air support in a hex in which French air units were providing ground support, nor may British and French air units combine to intercept German air supply, air transports or airdrops, or combine to counter-intercept an Axis interception of a Western Allied air transport activity.
F. AIR COVER AND AIR ATTACKS ON NAVAL UNITS: British air units may not provide air cover for French naval units. British air units and French naval units may not intercept an Axis naval activity in the same hex. British and French air units may not attack Axis naval units in the same hex.
G. CARRYING TROOPS: British destroyers may not carry or sea escort French units. British naval units may not provide shore bombardment for a French invasion. British air transport units may not air transport French units.
H. NAVAL INTERCEPTIONS: British and French naval units may not attempt to intercept the same enemy naval activity.
I. NAVAL COUNTER-INTERCEPTIONS: British naval units may not counter-intercept Axis naval units in a hex where French naval units have been intercepted.
J. INTERCEPTION OF AIRDROPS AND AIR TRANSPORT: British air units may not intercept Axis airdrops and air transport missions in the prohibited hexes set out in 53.23A-D, in hexes containing French ground units or airbases, or in hexes in which French air units are providing defensive air support. British and French air units may not combine to intercept an Axis airdrop or air transport.
K. INTERCEPTION OF DEFENSIVE AIR SUPPORT: British air units may not intercept Axis defensive air support in the prohibited hexes set out in 53.23A-D or in hexes in which French air units are providing ground support. British and French air units may not combine to intercept Axis defensive air support.
53.252 PERMITTED ACTIVITIES: The following activities are permitted while Anglo-French cooperation restrictions apply:
A. GROUND ATTACKS: British and French ground units may combine to attack enemy units, provided they do not stack together.
B. GROUND SUPPORT FOR OTHER'S GROUND UNITS: British air units may provide ground support for French ground attacks, provided the attacked enemy units are not in a hex prohibited by 53.23. British air units may also provide ground support for French overruns and invasions.
C. GROUND SUPPORT AND INTERCEPTION WHEN TWO HEXES ATTACKED: British and French air units may combine to provide ground support for an attack directed against enemy units on more than one hex if British air units fly over one of the attacked hexes and French air units fly over another attacked hex. Similarly, British air units may intercept Axis defensive air support over one of the attacked hexes, even if French air units were providing ground support over the other attacked hex.
D. BRITISH BASING IN FRENCH CITIES AND PORTS: British air and naval units may base in French cities and ports, other than those prohibited by 53.23, unless French units or other French counters are in the hex.
E. PROTECTION OF SEA SUPPLY: British naval units may protect sea supply to French units.
F. ASSISTING NAVAL INTERCEPTION: British air factors modify French naval unit interception die rolls.
53.253 The restrictions set out in 53.251 and 53.252 do not affect the movement of ground units, the flight of air units or the operation of naval units. Units may pass over one another freely for these purposes. However, British and French naval forces passing through the same sea hexes engage in naval combat separately while Anglo-French cooperation restrictions are in effect (22.141E).
53.26 BRITISH BRP GRANTS TO FRANCE PROHIBITED: Britain may not grant BRPs to France while Anglo-French cooperation restrictions are in effect (40.34).
53.27 RESTRICTIONS RECIPROCAL: The restrictions in 53.24 to 53.26 apply equally with respect to France and Britain: British units may not enter French colonies, French armor may not exploit a British breakthrough, etc. British units may always enter France, including Corsica, regardless of Anglo-French cooperation restrictions.
53.28 RESTRICTIONS DO NOT APPLY TO OTHER UNITS: There are no restrictions on the stacking of or cooperation between British and Free French units, nor are there ever any restrictions between American and any type of French units. Anglo-French cooperation restrictions apply between Commonwealth units (82.13) and France, but do not apply to any other Western Allied minor countries.

53.3 GERMAN -ITALIAN COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS:
53.31 RESTRICTIONS BEFORE ITALIAN ENTRY: Until Germany and Italy are both at war against the Western Allies, their units may not enter each other's controlled territory and their fleets may not embark each other's units. Axis supply lines may be traced across Italian hexes even while Italy is neutral (30.222).
53.32 WHEN COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS LIFTED: Once actively allied, German and Italian units may stack together and cooperate fully.

53.4 RUSSO-ALLIED COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS:
53.41 STACKING PROHIBITED: Russia and the Western Allies were equally suspicious of the other's war aims. All stacking restrictions contained in 53.25 apply equally to the stacking of Russian and Western Allied units throughout the game. In addition, the following Russo-Allied cooperation restrictions apply:
53.42 AIR AND NAVAL SUPPORT PROHIBITED: Russia may not give air or naval support to any Western Allied ground attacks, air or naval missions, and vice versa. Russian and Western Allied fleets may not carry one another's ground and air units for invasions, sea transport or sea escort. Russian and Western Allied air transports may not carry or provide air supply to one another's ground units. Russian air units may not modify Western Allied interception, search or surprise die rolls.
53.43 COMBINED GROUND ATTACKS PROHIBITED: Russian and Western Allied ground units may not combine to attack the same hex. Should they both wish to attack the same hex, whichever side brings the larger number of combat factors to bear (this will not necessarily be the side with the better odds) gets to attack first (a die roll if both sides intend to attack with the same number of factors). If the first attack fails to eliminate the defending Axis or Japanese units, the other side may try a second attack. Any Axis or Japanese defensive air support which survives the first attack remains in place for the second attack and may not be withdrawn or supplemented prior to the second attack.
53.44 COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS APPLY TO MINOR COUNTRIES: The restrictions in 53.41, 53.42 and 53.43 apply equally to Russian and Western Allied minor allied, associated minor country and partisan units. For example, communist partisans may not stack with Western Allied partisans or other Western Allied units, nor may the two combine to attack the same hex or hexes in a single attack. Western Allied partisans are under similar restrictions.
53.45 SUPPLY: Russian supply and oil sources, including captured minor capitals controlled by Russia, may not supply Western Allied units or hexes (EXCEPTION: Nationalist Chinese units and hexes - 30.226B). Similarly, Western Allied supply and oil sources may not supply Russian units or hexes.
53.46 USE OF BASES, PORTS AND COUNTERS PROHIBITED: Russian naval and air units may not base in or use ports and cities controlled by the Western Allies or use Western Allied bridgeheads, railheads or airbase counters for any purpose; Russian units may not enter hexes containing Western Allied fortifications or fortresses; Russia may not trace sea supply through Western Allied ports or bridgeheads. These restrictions apply equally to Western Allied basing in and use of Russian ports, cities, bridgeheads, railheads and airbases, entry into hexes containing Russian fortifications and supply through Russian ports or bridgeheads (EXCEPTION: The Western Allies may trace supply lines through Russian-controlled ports in order to grant BRPs or oil to Russia - 40.5, 40.6).
53.47 WESTERN ALLIED UNITS MAY NOT ENTER RUSSIA: Western Allied units may not enter Russia (EXCEPTION: Western Allied units may enter Russian hexes under Axis control if Russia has surrendered or if the Axis rejected a Russian surrender offer at the end of the previous game turn. If Russia reenters the war against the European Axis or subsequently does not offer to surrender, the Western Allies retain control of any Russian hexes they have captured, but may not enter additional Russian hexes).

53.5 NATIONALIST-COMMUNIST CHINESE COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS:
53.51 EFFECT OF CHINESE RESISTANCE LEVEL: Friction between Nationalist and Communist China throughout the war limits cooperation between them as set out below unless the Chinese resistance level from the previous Chinese player turn was "+2" or greater.
53.52 RUSSO-ALLIED COOPERATION RESTRICTIONS APPLY: The cooperation restrictions set out in 53.4 apply to Nationalist and Communist China.
53.53 PROHIBITED HEXES: In addition to the cooperation restrictions set out in 53.4, Nationalist Chinese units may not enter hexes controlled by Communist China, and Communist Chinese units may not enter hexes controlled by Nationalist China. Passage through such hexes during movement is prohibited, and units forced to retreat into such hexes by attrition combat are eliminated. Chinese units caught in a prohibited hex as a result of a drop in the Chinese resistance level are immediately eliminated.
53.54 ENTRY INTO JAPANESE CONTROLLED HEXES PERMITTED: Both Nationalist and Communist Chinese units may enter hexes which are under Japanese control. Once the Nationalist or Communist Chinese gain control of a Japanese-controlled hex, the other is prohibited from entry.
53.55 COMMUNIST CHINA AS A RUSSIAN MINOR ALLY: The activation of Communist China as a Russian minor ally has no effect on Nationalist-Communist Chinese cooperation restrictions, unless it increases the Chinese resistance level to "+2" or greater.
53.56 RUSSIAN FORCES: Nationalist-Communist Chinese cooperation restrictions also apply to Nationalist China and Russia, unless the Chinese resistance level from the previous turn is "+2" or greater. These restrictions apply whether or not the U.S. and Japan have gone to war.