58. FRENCH SURRENDER
58.1 DETERMINING FRENCH SURRENDER
58.2 FRENCH SURRENDER LEVEL
58.3 ESTABLISHMENT OF VICHY FRANCE
58.4 HEXES
58.5 FRENCH MINOR COUNTRIES AND COLONIES
58.6 VICHY AND FREE FRENCH FORCES
58.7 BRPs

58.1 DETERMINING FRENCH SURRENDER:
58.11 WHEN FRANCE SURRENDERS: France surrenders at the end of the Allied player turn if:
A. Paris is controlled by the Axis; or
B. France voluntarily surrenders when it would not otherwise do so. France may not voluntarily surrender until Fall 1940 or later.
58.12 TIMING: The French surrender is resolved at the end of the Allied player turn in which Paris is controlled by the Axis or France voluntarily surrenders, although the French player turn effectively ends after Allied post-combat phase adjustments for that player turn are completed; French forces may be eliminated due to isolation (30.54), but no French units may be constructed or redeployed.

58.2 FRENCH SURRENDER LEVEL:
58.21 CALCULATING THE FRENCH SURRENDER LEVEL: The French surrender level is the key modifier for determining the size of Vichy and Free French forces and the political alignment of the French colonies. The French surrender level, including after a voluntarily French surrender (58.11B), is the cumulative total of the following modifiers (positive modifiers favor the Axis):
A. TERRITORY: +2 for Axis control of Paris; +1 for Axis control of Lyon, Marseilles: (+1 for each); -1 for each European objective under French control other than Lyon and Marseilles.
B. FRENCH GROUND UNITS: -1 for every ten French ground factors in France (round down) at the end of the Allied combat phase when France surrenders, after removing units eliminated due to isolation. No French unit construction is permitted prior to making this calculation. French air units are ignored.
C. FRENCH FLEET: +1 for every five naval factors the French fleet is below 42 fleet factors, which reflects its Fall 1939 naval at start forces and allowable builds (38 or more factors: no modifier; 33-37 factors: +1; 28-32 factors: +2; and so on). Uncompleted named ships on the "3" row or higher are not counted in determining the strength of the French fleet. Damaged ships and ships on the "2" or "Launch" rows of French shipyards are discounted at a 2:1 ratio, rounded down (two damaged naval factors are counted as one naval factor for surrender purposes; a remnant damaged naval factor is ignored).
D. TURN OF SURRENDER: Spring 1940 or earlier: +2; Summer 1940: no modifier; Fall 1940: -2; Winter 1940 or later: -4.
E. DPs: Axis and Western Allied DPs placed in France, as reduced by covert operations (47.21C).
F. ANGLO-FRENCH COOPERATION RESEARCH RESULT: -1 if the Western Allies achieved a "7+" Anglo-French cooperation research result.
EXAMPLE: France falls (+2 for Paris) in Fall 1940 (-2 for the turn), the Axis control Marseilles (+1), and France has 21 ground factors in France (-2). The French surrender level is -1, unless modified by DPs and covert operations.
58.22 MAXIMUM FRENCH SURRENDER LEVEL: The French surrender level may never exceed +/-3. A French surrender level which is greater than +3 or less than -3 is treated as +3 or -3, respectively, for all purposes.

58.3 ESTABLISHMENT OF VICHY FRANCE:
58.31 AXIS OPTION: Once the French surrender level is determined at the end of the Allied player turn, the Axis player has the option of establishing Vichy France (EXCEPTION: Vichy France may not be established if France surrenders after the U.S. and Germany are at war):
A. VICHY FRANCE ESTABLISHED: If the Axis player establishes Vichy France, the southern part of France and Corsica become a neutral minor country (Vichy France) worth 20 BRPs, plus the value of any Vichy colonies.
B. VICHY FRANCE NOT ESTABLISHED: If the Axis player does not establish Vichy France, the Axis gain control of all hexes in France and Corsica and receive what would otherwise have been the Vichy BRPs, but not the BRPs of those colonies which would have otherwise been Vichy (58.532).

58.4 HEXES:
58.41 HEX CONTROL: At the end of the Allied player turn in which France surrenders, all non-Vichy hexes in France pass to Axis control (EXCEPTION: French surrender after U.S. entry - see 58.411). All non-French Allied ground units and airbases still in France are eliminated, and all non-French air and naval units are displaced to British-controlled bases. Western Allied units in France may operate freely in France, including that part of France which may constitute Vichy France and French colonies which may come under Vichy control, until the end of the Allied player turn in which France surrenders.
58.411 HEX CONTROL AFTER U.S. ENTRY: If the U.S. is at war with Germany when France surrenders, all French-controlled hexes in France and Corsica pass to British control. Non-French Western Allied ground, air and naval units and airbases may remain in France.
58.42 EFFECT ON AXIS FORCES: Axis forces in Vichy France or Vichy French colonies when Vichy France is established may only trace supply through Vichy French territory during initial supply determination of the Axis player turn following the French surrender. They must leave Vichy territory by the end of the Axis player turn following the French surrender or be eliminated, do not modify a diplomatic die roll for Vichy France, may not move into Spanish hexes, and may not attrition or conduct offensive operations from Vichy territory, although they may do so if they first move out of Vichy territory. Additional Axis units may not enter Vichy territory unless the Axis declares war on Vichy France.
58.43 EFFECT ON ALLIED FORCES: Allied forces which are in Vichy France or Vichy colonies at the end of the Allied player turn in which France surrenders are eliminated.

58.5 FRENCH MINOR COUNTRIES AND COLONIES:
58.51 MINOR COUNTRIES: All French minor allies and associated minor countries become British minor allies and associated minor countries.
58.52 FRENCH CONQUESTS: French conquests and other French-controlled hexes become Axis-controlled unless they are occupied by a British ground unit or are able to trace a land supply route to a Free French colony and are closer to the Free French colony than to Vichy France or a Vichy colony. Q&A
58.53 FRENCH COLONIES:
58.531 After Germany has announced whether or not it is establishing Vichy France, the political alignment of the French colonies is determined by a die roll for Lebanon-Syria and a second die roll for Tunisia-Algeria-Morocco.
A. The die roll for the French colonies is modified by the French surrender level and by +3 if Vichy France was established:
B. French colonies that do not become Free French become Vichy French if Vichy France was established, and become independent, neutral minor countries if Vichy France was not established (58.532).
C. Britain receives the prorated BRPs for Free French colonies at the start of the next Allied player turn. All Free French colonial hexes become British-controlled, with the exception of Axis-controlled hexes, which remain under Axis control.
D. Lebanon Syria becomes Free French on a modified die roll of 3 or lower.
E. For French North Africa:

French Colonies Table - 58.53

Die Roll

Colony

1

2

3

4

5

6

Lebanon-Syria

Free

Vichy/independent

Morocco

Free

Vichy/independent

Algeria

Free

Vichy/independent

Tunisia

Free

Vichy/independent

Modifiers

+3

Vichy France established

+/-3

French surrender level

Explanation: One die roll is made for Lebanon-Syria and a second die roll is made for Tunisia-Algeria-Morocco.


58.532 If Vichy France was not established:
A. Each French colony which would otherwise have become Vichy overthrows its colonial administration and becomes an independent, neutral minor country with a force pool consisting of one 2-3 infantry unit, which is placed in its capital. These newly formed minor countries may only be attacked after a declaration of war costing 10 BRPs, with its attendant effect on the USAT level.
B. Allied forces which are in former French colonies at the end of the Allied player turn in which France surrenders are eliminated.
C. Axis units in a former French colony at the start of the Axis player turn immediately following the French surrender are considered to be in at least partial supply during that Axis player turn and, unless the Axis declare war on the former French colony, must leave the former French colony by the end of that Axis player turn, may not make any attacks while still in the former French colony and are eliminated if they fail to leave.
58.533 French colonies controlled by the Axis when France surrenders are unaffected by the French colonial die rolls. They are treated as Axis conquests until captured by the Allies.
58.534 French colonies controlled by Britain when France surrenders are unaffected by the French colonial die rolls. Such colonies become Free French. This may occur only if a French colony were conquered by the Axis and reconquered by Britain prior to the fall of France.

58.6 VICHY AND FREE FRENCH FORCES:
58.61FRENCH FORCES REMOVED FROM BOARD: Once the political alignment of the French colonies is established, the French fleet and French ground and air units in Free French colonies and British-controlled hexes remain on the board. All other French ground and air units and airbases are removed from the board. Free French and Vichy France forces are then established.
58.611 FREE FRENCH HAVE PRIORITY: The Allied player selects the composition of any Free French forces before the Axis player selects the composition of the Vichy French forces.
58.612 FRENCH FORCES TABLES: In the Free French and Vichy France Forces Tables, infantry, army air, and destroyers force levels are listed in factors; armor, battleship and cruiser force levels are listed by unit.
58.62 FREE FRENCH FORCES:
58.621 LEVEL OF FREE FRENCH FORCES: The level of Free French forces is set as detailed in the Free French Forces table:

Free French Forces Table - 58.621

 

Vichy France Established

Vichy France Not Established

 

Army

Air

Naval

Army

Air

Naval

FSL

Inf

3-5

AAF

NS

CA

DD

Inf

3-5

AAF

NS

CA

DD

+3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

+2

1

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

1

1

+1

2

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

1

1*

1

1

0

3

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

2

1*

2

2

-1

6

-

-

-

1

1

9

-

2

1*

2

5

-2

6

-

1

1*

1

1

12

-

2

1*

3

6

-3

6

-

2

1*

2

2

9

1

2

2*

3

6

*The indicated number of named ships of the selecting player's choice. Unfinished or damaged ships in the "2" or "Launch" row of a French Naval Construction Chart may be selected.

Explanation: The French Surrender Level (FSL) and whether or not Vichy France was established determines the level of the Free French forces.


58.622 REDUCTION IN FREE FRENCH FORCES IF VICHY FRANCE ESTABLISHED: If Germany established Vichy France, the level of Free French forces is less than if Vichy France was not established.
58.623 PLACEMENT OF FREE FRENCH FORCES: The British player may select all, some or none of the French units in Free French colonies and in British-controlled hexes as Free French forces. French units in these areas which are not selected are removed from play. If additional Free French units are required, the British player then adds the necessary French ground and air units, unbuilt, to the British force pool as Free French forces. See 58.64 for the placement of Free French naval units.
58.624 STATUS OF FREE FRENCH UNITS: Free French units are treated as British units for all purposes but retain their air and fleet nationality modifiers (EXCEPTIONS: Free French units are treated as a distinct nationality for attrition purposes (14.522), when allocating air losses (19.61A) and when recombining air squadrons into factors (23.14); Free French units may not operate in the Pacific theater; the production of Free French units is subject to the restrictions set out in 42.332B and 42.333E). Britain pays for offensive operations involving Free French forces and may construct Free French units in Britain. Objective hexes controlled by Free French units count as British-controlled objectives.
58.63 VICHY FRANCE:
58.631 LEVEL OF VICHY FRANCE FORCES: The level of Vichy France forces is set as detailed in the Vichy France Forces table:

Vichy France Forces Table - 58.631

 

Army

Air

Naval

FSL

Inf

3-5

AAF

NS

CA

DD

+3

12

1

3

2*

3

6

+2

15

-

3

1*

3

6

+1

12

-

3

1*

2

5

0

12

-

2

1*

2

2

-1

12

-

1

1*

1

1

-2

12

-

-

-

1

1

-3

10

-

-

-

-

-

*The indicated number of named ships of the selecting player's choice. Unfinished or damaged ships in the "2" or "Launch" row of a French Naval Construction Chart may be selected.

Explanation: The French Surrender Level (FSL) determines the level of the Vichy French forces. If Vichy France is not established, there are no Vichy French forces.


58.632 PLACEMENT OF VICHY FORCES: One Vichy 2-3 infantry unit must be placed and remain in Vichy city and in the capital of each Vichy French colony until Vichy France associates or allies with one side or the other (EXCEPTIONS: Vichy infantry units in French colonial capitals may be sent to Russia after a "5-6", "7" or "8" diplomatic result for Vichy France; Vichy units in French colonies which become Free French after Vichy deactivation may move freely). The remaining Vichy French ground and air forces are placed in Vichy France. See 58.64 for the placement of Vichy French naval units.
58.633 STATUS OF VICHY FRANCE: Vichy France is a neutral minor country whose hexes are controlled by neither side. For the rules relating to Vichy France, see 77.
58.64 THE FRENCH FLEET:
58.641 ALLOCATION OF FRENCH NAVAL UNITS: French naval units remain at their bases when France surrenders. If there are too few French naval units based in British-controlled ports to make up the Free French navy (58.621), the required number of French naval units based in Axis-controlled or neutral French colony ports move to any British-controlled port(s) within range with the basing capacity to receive them and may not be intercepted by Axis air and naval units as they do so. Similarly, if there are too few French naval units based in Vichy French-controlled ports to make up the Vichy navy (58.631), the required number of French naval units based in British-controlled ports move without impediment to any Vichy-controlled port.
58.642 FREE AND VICHY FRENCH FLEETS LIMITED BY EXISTING UNITS: The size of the Free and Vichy French fleets is limited by the size of the French fleet when France surrenders. French ships which are damaged may be selected and are counted at their full, undamaged value: damaged Vichy French naval units may be repaired in the Marseilles shipyard at no BRP cost prior to Vichy activation; damaged Free French naval units may be repaired at a Western Allied shipyard. French ships unfinished on the 2 row of a French Naval Construction Chart are treated as damaged ships (27.7281).
58.643 NO SUBSTITUTIONS: If there are not enough named ships, cruisers or destroyers available to fulfill the levels shown in 58.621 or 58.631, the remainder of any insufficient type is lost.

58.7 BRPs:
58.71 FRANCE'S BRP VALUE: After the fall of France, Paris, Lyon, and Marseilles remain key economic areas worth 20, 10 and 10 BRPs, respectively. The BRP value of France as a conquest is the French BRP base at the time France surrenders minus 40 BRPs for the French key economic areas. France's BRP base at the start of the Campaign Game and 1939 scenarios is 60 BRPs. Thus, if the French BRP base does not change during play, France is worth 20 BRPs as a conquest. This value is used for all scenarios which begin with France already conquered. If the French BRP base increases or decreases once the game begins, the value of France as a conquest will change accordingly. The French BRP base does not change once France is conquered.
58.72 WHEN FRENCH BRPs ACQUIRED: The major power which conquered France receives the prorated BRP value of France as a conquest at the start of its next player turn (35.7). During each subsequent YSS, that major power receives the BRP value of France as a conquest, provided it retains control of at least one city in France.
58.73 COOPERATIVE CONQUEST: If two or more major powers cooperated in conquering or reconquering France, the senior alliance partner receives the French BRPs (83.51).