82. MINOR COUNTRIES
82.1 STATUS OF MINOR COUNTRIES
82.2 MINOR COUNTRY BRPs
82.3 CONTROL OF MINOR COUNTRY HEXES
82.4 ATTACKS ON MINOR COUNTRIES
82.5 DEPLOYMENT OF EUROPEAN MINOR COUNTRY FORCES
82.6 MINOR COUNTRY FORCE LEVELS
82.7 DEFENDING AGAINST THE INITIAL ATTACK
82.8 MINOR COUNTRY SURVIVAL
82.9 PACIFIC THEATER MINOR COUNTRIES

82.1 STATUS OF MINOR COUNTRIES:
82.11 CATEGORIES: At any given time, every minor country falls into one of the following categories:
A. Neutral.
B. Independent.
C. BRPs attributed to a major power.
D. Hexes controlled by a major power.
E. Associated with a major power.
F. Allied to a major power.
G. Conquered by a major power.
H. A colony of a major power.
I. Commonwealth (Canada, South Africa, Australia and India).
82.12 FALL 1939: In Fall 1939, the only European minor countries involved in the war are Poland, which becomes allied with Britain if it survives the Fall 1939 turn, and the British and French European colonies. Italian (Albania, Libya) and Russian (Ukraine) colonies enter the war along with Italy and Russia, respectively. Other minor countries may enter the war either by being invaded by a major power or as a result of diplomacy.
82.13 COMMONWEALTH: In Fall 1939, Canada, South Africa, Australia and India are at war with Germany. Commonwealth units are treated as British units for all purposes, with the following exceptions:
A. DEPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS: South African, Australian and Indian units are subject to certain deployment restrictions.
B. CONSTRUCTION: Commonwealth units must be constructed in their home countries.
C. ATTRITION AND AIR LOSSES: Commonwealth units are treated as separate nationalities when taking attrition losses (14.522), when allocating air losses (19.61A) and when recombining air squadrons into factors (23.14).
D. BRITISH SURRENDER: Commonwealth units remain in the British force pool following a British surrender (59.513B).

82.2 MINOR COUNTRY BRPs:
82.21 DIPLOMATIC RESULT REQUIRED: A major power may obtain minor country BRPs diplomatically as set out in the diplomatic tables:
A. After a diplomatic result of "7" (Axis) or "0" (Western Allies, Russia):
B. After a diplomatic result of "8" (Axis) or "-1" (Western Allies, Russia):
82.22 BRPs ADDED: When such diplomatic results occur, the major power immediately adds the prorated value of the minor country BRPs it acquired to its BRP total. If the diplomatic result is later reversed or the minor country is conquered by another major power, the prorated value of the minor country BRPs at that time is deducted from the BRP level of the major power which initially obtained the BRPs for the minor country.

82.3 CONTROL OF MINOR COUNTRY HEXES:
82.31 DIPLOMATIC RESULT REQUIRED: A major power may obtain control of the hexes in a European minor country after a diplomatic result of "8" (Axis) or "-1" (Western Allies, Russia). All hexes in the minor country, except for hexes occupied by units belonging to another alliance faction, are deemed to have come under the control of the alliance faction which obtained the diplomatic result at the start of the player turn in which the diplomatic result occurs.
82.32 TEN-FACTOR LIMIT: After a diplomatic result of “8” (Axis) or “-1” (Western Allies, Russia), no more than ten foreign naval/ground/air factors may be in that minor country at the end of any movement, combat or redeployment phase.
A. EXCEPTIONS: The limit for Axis units in Finland is five factors and only one armor unit (86.23); Axis units in Vichy colonies which have been attacked by Britain and the U.S. (77.61) do not count against this limit (77.64).
B. SUPPLY COUNTS AGAINST THE LIMIT: Units which trace supply through such a minor country count towards this limit:
C. BELGIUM AND LUXEMBOURG: Belgium and Luxembourg are considered to be a single minor country for the purposes of this rule.
D. ALLIED UNITS: Major and minor ally units of the controlling major power may also enter such countries, subject to the normal geographical restrictions on minor allied units and the diplomatic limit on the number of factors permitted in that minor country.
E. ATTACKS PERMITTED: Attacks may be launched from the minor country’s territory.
82.321 APPLICATION OF LIMITS: Diplomatic limits on the number of factors which may be supplied, move and redeploy in and through a controlled minor country are applied as follows:
A. SUPPLY: The limit on supplying units in or through a controlled minor country applies to both full and partial supply, including partial supply from the controlled minor country’s capital. Units in a controlled minor country must be supplied before units outside the controlled minor country are supplied by tracing a supply line through the controlled minor country. If a player wishes to give priority to units outside the controlled minor country, he must voluntarily eliminate excess units in the controlled minor country.
B. MOVEMENT AND REDEPLOYMENT: The limits on units in a controlled minor country are applied at the end of the movement, combat and redeployment phases. The test is simply that you can never look at the mapboard at those times and see more than the permitted number of ground and air factors in the country. Such limits may not be exceeded, even by units forced to retreat by an enemy attrition - excess units are eliminated.
C. COUNTERS EXEMPT: There is no limit on the placement of airbases, rocket bases, railheads and forts in a controlled minor country or the supply of such counters through a controlled minor country.
82.322 LIMITS ON AXIS FORCES IN FINLAND: No more than five Axis naval/ground/air factors may enter or trace supply through Finland, even after Finnish association, activation or if Finland has been conquered by the Allies. No more than one Axis armor unit is permitted. Finnish and Swedish units do not count against this limit.
82.33 REVERSAL OF RESULTS: If a subsequent diplomatic die roll reverses a hex control result for a minor country, control of hexes not garrisoned by the major power changes immediately. If the minor country remains neutral, any foreign units in the country may no longer attack out of the country, are automatically considered to be in at least partial supply, and must be removed by the end of their player turn immediately following the diplomatic die roll. Units which do not leave by the end of their next redeployment phase are eliminated. If the minor country associates or allies with the enemy, 82.56 applies.
82.34 ATTACKS ON GARRISONED MINOR COUNTRIES: If a major power has units in a minor country which is attacked by another major power with which it is at war, association, but not activation as a minor ally, is automatic and immediate. Both the major power units inside the minor country and other units controlled by the major power may then assist the minor country in repelling the attack. A major power with which it is not at war may not attack a garrisoned minor country without also declaring war on the garrisoning major power.
82.35 ATTACKS ON MINOR COUNTRIES CONTROLLED BY THE ATTACKER: A major power may declare war on a minor country it controls, including minor countries in which that major power has units.
82.351 DECLARATION OF WAR PREVENTS ACTIVATION: If a major power declares war on a potential minor ally, that minor country may not later associate or ally with that major power or any of its major power allies.
82.352 DEPLOYMENT OF MINOR COUNTRY UNITS: If a major power attacks a minor country in which the major power already has units, the minor country's forces deploy according to 82.56.
82.36 SUBVERSION PERMITTED DESPITE GARRISON: A German garrison does not prevent Communist subversion of an otherwise eligible minor country.

82.4 ATTACKS ON MINOR COUNTRIES:
82.41 DECLARATION OF WAR REQUIRED: A major power may attack a neutral minor country or enemy units in a neutral minor country, including a minor country which is economically penetrated or controlled by an enemy alliance faction, only if it first declares war on that minor country (50.22) (EXCEPTIONS: Russian border wars - 66.2, 67.2; Britain and the U.S. may attack Vichy colonies without a declaration of war on Vichy France or the Vichy colony - 77.61).
82.42 DECLARATION OF WAR UNNECESSARY: A major power may attack a minor country which is associated with, allied to, or has been conquered by an enemy alliance faction without declaring war on the minor country.

82.5 DEPLOYMENT OF EUROPEAN MINOR COUNTRY FORCES:
82.51 MINOR UNITS NOT NORMALLY DEPLOYED: European minor country units are not deployed on the mapboard until they are attacked or associate with or ally to a major power after a diplomatic result. Once deployed, minor country units remain on the mapboard until eliminated.
82.52 DEPLOYMENT IN RESPONSE TO ATTACK: When a major power declares war on a minor country, the forces (if any) of the minor country are deployed by Britain or the U.S. if the minor country is attacked by the Axis, and by Germany if the minor country is attacked by the Allies. Minor country units which are already on the board, such as Vichy French units, remain on the hexes they occupy (EXCEPTION: If Germany declares war on Finland or Rumania after a border war with Russia, Britain redeploys the Finnish or Rumanian units - 66.27).
82.53 TIMING: An attacked minor country's forces are set up immediately after all declarations of war have been made by the attacker for that turn.
82.54 MANDATORY DEPLOYMENT IN CAPITAL: At least one minor country ground unit must be deployed in an attacked minor country's capital. This deployment requirement applies only to the initial setup of the minor country.
82.55 STACKING PROBLEMS: Minor country ground and air units which cannot legally deploy because of the presence of garrisoning or enemy units in all available hexes in their country are eliminated.
82.56 ENEMY UNITS IN A MINOR COUNTRY: If a minor country is attacked by a major power which already has units in the minor country as a result of an earlier diplomatic agreement, all major power units in the minor country at the moment war is declared are automatically in at least partial supply for the turn of the invasion. If the attacking major power, or an ally of that major power, has ground units in the minor country's capital, those ground units are placed on a hex of the owning major power's choosing adjacent to the minor country's capital. The minor country's forces are then deployed. If the minor country's units were deployed before the attacker's declaration of war, they are not redeployed (EXCEPTIONS: Rumania - 66.27; Finland).

82.6 MINOR COUNTRY FORCE LEVELS:
82.61 MINOR COUNTRY FORCE TABLE: The forces available to each minor country are set out in the Minor Country Forces Table and the British Commonwealth Table:

Minor Country Forces Table - 11.23, 82.61

European Theater

 

Army

Air

Naval

Partisans

 

2-3

1-3

2-5

AF

CA

DD

Ax

WA

Ru

Belgium

1

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Bulgaria

-

4

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Denmark

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Egypt

-

-

-

-

-

-

0:2

-

-

Finland

5

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Greece

1

5

-

1

1

2

-

1:2

1:2

Hungary

1

6

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Iraq*

-

-

-

-

-

-

0:2

-

-

Ireland

-

-

-

-

-

-

2†

-

-

Netherlands

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Norway

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Persia

-

-

-

-

-

-

0:2

-

-

W. Poland

3

7

-

2

-

-

-

2:4

-

Rumania

2

6

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

Spain

7

-

1

2

3

3

3

2:4

2:4

Sweden

5

-

-

1

1

2

-

1:2

1:2

Turkey

7

-

1

2

2

3

2:4

2:4

Ukraine†

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Yugoslavia

1

6

-

1

-

-

-

2:4

2:4

Pacific Theater

 

Army

Air

Naval

Partisans

 

2-2

1-2

AF

CA

DD

Ax

WA

Ru

Communist China

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

1**

Dutch East Indies

-

3

1

1

1

-

-

-

Philippines

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

Thailand

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

* And Kuwait, Arabia, Transjordan, Palestine, Lebanon/Syria.
† Available forces depend on the current diplomatic result.
§ Turkey receives one two-factor cruiser and the battlecruiser Yavuz.
** Add one additional Chinese Communist partisan each year, starting in 1942.

The partisan level before the “:” is automatic. The partisan level after the “:” is the maximum number of partisans which may be built in the minor country in question following the required number of Moslem Unrest or Partisan production results.


British Commonwealth - 82.61

Canada

 

Army

Air

Naval

 

4-5

3-4

AAF

Ship.

At Start

-

1

-

1

Fall 1940

-

1[2]

-

-

Spring 1941

1

-

-

-

South Africa

 

Army

Air

Naval

 

3-4

1-3

AAF

-

At Start

1

3

-

-

Australia

 

Army

Air

Naval

 

2-2

1-2

AAF

CA

DD

Ship.

At Start

1

3

-

2

2

1

Fall 1940

2[3]

1[4]

2

-

-

-

India

 

Army

Air

Naval

 

2-2

1-2

AAF

CA

DD

Ship.

At Start

4

4

-

-

-

-

Japan may build two Indian partisans if it has achieved an Indian Subversion production result.

The Australian and Indian infantry force pools may each be increased by up to three infantry factors of any denomination (one 2‑2 and one 1‑2; or three 1‑2s) in any Allied player turn following the outbreak of war between Britain and Japan or in Spring 1942, whichever is earlier.


82.62 MINOR COUNTRIES WITH NO ARMED FORCES: Certain minor countries, such as Portugal and the Baltic States, have no armed forces. A major power which invades such a minor country will be unopposed, although it still must pay 10 BRPs for a declaration of war. Colonies never have armed forces (EXCEPTION: French colonies in Europe - 75.61).
82.63 UKRAINIAN FORCES CONTINGENT ON DIPLOMACY: Ukrainian units deploy only after a successful diplomatic die roll for the Ukraine.

82.7 DEFENDING AGAINST THE INITIAL ATTACK:
82.71 MINOR COUNTY UNITS: During the attacking major power’s player turn, the air and naval units of a newly-attacked minor country, even one that immediately associates, may operate only against direct attacks on that minor country. Air units are restricted to intercepting the attacker’s naval missions and flying defensive air support; naval units are restricted to intercepting the attacker’s naval missions.

Minor country air and naval units may not attack enemy sea supply lines during the initial turn of attack.

82.72 ENEMY MAJOR POWER UNITS: During the attacking major power’s player turn, the air and naval units of major powers already at war with the attacker may assist an independent minor country only by intercepting enemy naval activities. Enemy major power air units may not intercept air transport missions over the attacked minor country’s hexes or fly defensive air support for attacked minor country ground units during the initial turn of attack. These restrictions are lifted once the minor country associates with a major power.
82.73 ZONES OF CONTROL: During the attacking major power's player turn, the ZoCs of enemy major power armor units adjacent to a newly-attacked minor country extend into the minor country's hexes.

82.8 MINOR COUNTRY SURVIVAL:
82.81 ASSOCIATION AUTOMATIC: If a minor country survives the first turn it is attacked by a major power, it associates with either Britain, if attacked by Germany or Italy, or with Germany, if attacked by an Allied major power, at the start of the defender's next diplomatic phase, before diplomatic die rolls are made, subject to the following exceptions:
A. GARRISONED MINOR COUNTRIES: Minor countries garrisoned by major power units associate with the garrisoning major power immediately following the attacker's declaration of war on the minor country (82.34).
B. ATTACKS BY NEUTRAL MAJOR POWERS: Minor countries attacked by a neutral major power do not associate until the major power is at war with another major power (82.82).
C. BRITISH SURRENDER: If Britain has surrendered, minor countries attacked by Germany or Italy associate with Britain when it reenters the war.
D. ASSOCIATION REFUSED: A major power may, for diplomatic reasons, refuse to accept the association of a minor country.

82.82 ATTACKS BY NEUTRAL MAJOR POWERS: Minor countries which survive the first turn of attack by a major power which is not yet at war with an opposing alliance faction do not associate and instead fight independently, moving at the same time as their potential major power allies. Such independent minor countries automatically associate if an opposing alliance faction goes to war with the attacking major power.
82.83 INDEPENDENT MINOR COUNTRIES:
A. An independent minor country turn consists only of supply determination (from the minor country capital - 30.24), movement, combat and unit construction. Vichy France may also be able to redeploy.
B. Independent minor countries may engage in offensive operations at no BRP cost.
C. Independent minor country units are subject to the same geographical (84.46) and unit construction (84.47) restrictions as associated minor countries.

82.9 PACIFIC THEATER MINOR COUNTRIES:
82.91 Pacific minor countries fall into the following categories:
A. COMMONWEALTH: Australia and India;
B. INDEPENDENT MINOR COUNTRIES: Communist China (if Russia is not at war with Japan), Dutch East Indies (until the second turn following a Japanese declaration of war against Britain).
C. MINOR ALLIES: Communist China (Russia, if Russia is at war with Japan).
D. ASSOCIATED MINOR COUNTRIES: Dutch East Indies (Britain, in the second turn following a Japanese declaration of war against Britain - 89.24); Philippines (U.S.); Thailand (Japan, if Japan has occupied all of French Indochina and is at war with Britain - 89.51).
E. COLONIES: Bhutan, Burma, Calcutta, Dacca, Hong Kong, Malaya, Nepal, Sarawak, Singapore, (Britain); French Indochina (France); Mongolia, Tannu Tuva (Russia); Manchukuo, Korea, Formosa (Japan).
F. FRENCH PACIFIC ISLANDS: New Caledonia, Wallis Island and the Society Islands are treated as though under British control at the start of the game and become Free French if France is conquered (76.51).
82.92 MINOR COUNTRY UNITS DEPLOYED: At the start of all Pacific scenarios, unless otherwise indicated, all Pacific-theater minor country units are deployed on the mapboard in their home countries by the major powers which control them.
82.93 DETERMINING STATUS: At the start of all Pacific scenarios, including a campaign game, every Pacific-theater minor country is aligned with one side or the other. Until Japan is at war with Britain, Communist China is the only Pacific minor country at war with Japan. Other Pacific minor countries enter the war at the same time as do their controlling major powers, as set out in the rules dealing specifically with each minor country.
82.94 UNIT CONSTRUCTION: The rules governing construction of Pacific minor country units depend on the status of the minor country (71, 72, 84, 85). Minor country units must be rebuilt in a controlled, supplied hex in the minor country not in an enemy ZoC (27.44), or in the Australia or India boxes (27.473, 27.474).
82.95 GEOGRAPHICAL RESTRICTIONS: Pacific minor country units may be subject to geographical restrictions, depending on their status (71, 72, 84, 85).