Atomic Research Projects


Radar
(European Axis, Western Allies, Russia, Japan)
Radar is a high technology project. Only one RP may be allocated in the first year in which research is done, two RPs in the next year in which research is done, and so on.

The Western Allies begin with a result of "7" [+5].
Modifiers:
-1For each radar result achieved by the rolling alliance faction (-1 for one radar result; -2 for two radar results; and so on).

Results:
1-2No effect.
3[+1]
4[+2]
5[+3]
6[+4]
7[+5]
8[+6]
9[+7]
10+Radar result achieved.


43.1 OVERVIEW:

43.11 RESEARCH: Atomic bombs may only be constructed by Germany, Russia and the U.S. Atomic bomb production requires the research results set out below. All atomic research except atomic general research is subject to the restrictions on RP allocation which apply to high technology projects (41.31C):
A. CONTROLLED REACTION:
B. URANIUM SEPARATION:
C. PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION:
D. ATOMIC BOMB:

43.12 PRODUCTION OF FISSIONABLE MATERIALS: Atomic bombs require the production of fissionable material from uranium plants and/or plutonium reactors:
A. URANIUM PLANTS:
B. PLUTONIUM REACTORS:


Controlled Reaction
(Germany, U.S., Russia)
Controlled reaction is a high technology project. Only one RP may be allocated in the first year in which research is done, two RPs in the next year in which research is done, and so on.

Restriction:
RPs may not be placed in controlled reaction until the 1941 YSS.

Additional Modifier (Germany only):
-2If the Allies control Oslo or a Norwegian diplomatic result of "1-2" or less is in effect.

Results:
1-3*Core meltdown. Project abandoned.
4[+1]
5[+2]
6[+3]
7[+4]
8+*Controlled chain reaction achieved.


Uranium Separation
(Germany, U.S., Russia)
Uranium separation is a high technology project. Only one RP may be allocated in the first year in which research is done, two RPs in the next year in which research is done, and so on.

Restriction:
RPs may not be placed in uranium separation research until the 1944 YSS.

Results:
1-3[-2]
4-5[-1]
6-7No effect.
8Each uranium plant produces material for one uranium bomb in three turns and produces material for one additional uranium bomb every four turns thereafter. [+1]
9Each uranium plant produces material for one uranium bomb in two turns and produces material for one additional uranium bomb every four turns thereafter. [+2]
10Each uranium plant produces material for one uranium bomb in one turn and produces material for one additional uranium bomb every four turns thereafter. [+3]
11Each uranium plant produces material for one uranium bomb immediately and produces material for one additional uranium bomb every three turns thereafter. [+4]
12+*Each uranium plant produces material for one uranium bomb immediately and produces material for one additional uranium bomb every two turns thereafter.


Plutonium Production
(Germany, U.S., Russia)
Plutonium production is a high technology project. Only one RP may be allocated in the first year in which research is done, two RPs in the next year in which research is done, and so on.

Restriction:
RPs may not be placed in plutonium production research until the 1944 YSS and may not be activated until an "8+" result for controlled reaction research has been achieved.

Modifiers:
+1If a controlled reaction result was achieved in 1941.
-1If a controlled reaction result was achieved in 1943 or later.

Results:
1-3[-2]
4-5[-1]
6-7No effect.
8Each plutonium reactor produces material for one plutonium bomb in three turns and produces material for one additional plutonium bomb every two turns thereafter. [+1]
9Each plutonium reactor produces material for one plutonium bomb in two turns and produces material for one additional plutonium bomb every two turns thereafter. [+2]
10Each plutonium reactor produces material for one plutonium bomb in one turn and produces material for one additional plutonium bomb every two turns thereafter. [+3]
11+*Each plutonium reactor produces material for one plutonium bomb immediately and produces material for one additional plutonium bomb every two turns thereafter.


Atomic Bomb
(Germany, U.S., Russia)
The atomic bomb is a high technology project. Only one RP may be allocated in the first year in which research is done, two RPs in the next year in which research is done, and so on.

Preconditions:
Before RPs allocated to the atomic bomb may be activated, a player must have produced a controlled reaction and must also have the material for at least one bomb.

Restriction:
RPs may not be placed in atomic bomb research until the 1944 YSS.

Results:
1-2No effect.
3[+1]
4-6Uranium bomb gun trigger successfully designed. The number of uranium bombs which may be constructed and used is limited by the amount of available fissionable material from uranium separation plants. Bombs may be stockpiled before use. [+2]
7+*Plutonium implosion trigger designed. One die is rolled whenever a plutonium bomb is used in a strategic or tactical atomic attack: the bomb detonates only on a die roll of "6". The material in a bomb which fails to detonate is wasted. The detonation die roll is modified by +1 for each turn after the first plutonium bomb is available for use and by +1 for each failed detonation.
A detonation roll is no longer required once a plutonium bomb is successfully used in a strategic or tactical atomic attack or if a plutonium bomb is tested. No detonation roll is required for a test.
Plutonium bombs are used sequentially: the +1 modifier for failed detonations and the effects of a successful detonation or test apply to the use of other plutonium bombs in the same and future turns.
The number of plutonium bombs which may be constructed and used is limited by the amount of available fissionable material from plutonium reactors. Bombs may be stockpiled before use.

Explanation:
Provided the fissionable material is available, a 4-6 atomic bomb research result allows the construction of uranium bombs; a 7+ atomic bomb research result also allows the construction of plutonium bombs.


Atomic Production Projects

42.25 ATOMIC:
A. URANIUM PLANTS: 8 for each uranium plant, at the rate of one plant per year. Uranium plants are a high technology project. RPs may not be invested in uranium plants until the 1942 YSS. Uranium plants do not begin to produce material for atomic bombs until an "8" or greater research result for uranium separation has been achieved. Germany, Russia and the U.S. only.
B. PLUTONIUM REACTORS: 6 for each plutonium reactor, at the rate of one plutonium reactor per year. Plutonium reactors are a high technology project. RPs may not be allocated to the production of plutonium reactors until the 1943 YSS. Plutonium reactors do not begin to produce material for atomic bombs until an "8" or greater research result for plutonium production has been achieved. Germany, Russia and the U.S. only.