Balkans
(Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania, Yugoslavia)

The Axis may select one or more of Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania or Yugoslavia for a diplomatic die roll even if no Axis DPs were assigned to the minor countries, even if the Axis make other diplomatic die rolls in the same diplomatic phase, and even if the Western Allies or Russia previously selected the target for a diplomatic die roll in the current year before Russia is at war with Germany.

General Modifiers:
+/-3The minor country is an active minor ally following a diplomatic result of "10" or "-3".
+/-2The minor country is an associated minor country following a diplomatic result of "9" or "-2" or an enemy declaration of war.
+/-1The minor country's hexes are controlled by a major power following a diplomatic result of "8" or "-1".
+/-1For each unbuilt minor country air, armor or infantry unit.
+/-1For every five friendly ground/air factors in the minor country.
+/-1For every five enemy ground/air factors in the minor country.

Balkan Modifiers:
The following modifiers apply to each of Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia:
-3If Russia and Germany are at war and Russia controls more Balkan hexes than the Axis control hexes in Russia (eastern European hexes do not count).
-2If Italy has surrendered.
-2If France has not fallen (applicable only if the Axis are making the diplomatic die roll).
-2If Germany has declared war on Spain.
-2If Germany had an economic interest in a Balkan country and failed to support it against a Russian attack.
+1If Russia has entered the Baltic States, Bessarabia or the Finnish border hexes.
+1If Russia and Rumania fought over Bessarabia (66.2).
+3If Russia is at war with any Balkan country, other than an active German minor ally (including a war with Rumania over Bessarabia).
+2For each use of Russian subversion to modify a diplomatic die roll, other than for the target of the subversion in the diplomatic phase it is used.
+2If the Western Allies have declared war on any Balkan country.

General Results:
-3The minor country activates as an Allied minor ally.
-2The minor country becomes an Allied associated minor country.
-1The Allies gain control of the minor country's hexes and receive 10 BRPs from the minor country.
0The Allies receive five BRPs from the minor country.
1-2The minor country continues any pro-Allied ("0" to "-3") policy currently in effect. Any pro-Axis ("7" to "10") policy currently in effect is negated.
3-4The minor country continues current policies.
5-6The minor country continues any pro-Axis ("7" to "10") policy currently in effect. Any pro-Allied ("0" to "-3") policy currently in effect is negated.
7The Axis receive five BRPs from the minor country.
8The Axis gain control of the minor country's hexes and receive 10 BRPs from the minor country.
9The minor country becomes an Axis associated minor country.
10The minor country activates as an Axis minor ally.


Bulgaria
(+3)
All modifiers and results as above.

Hungary
(+5)
All modifiers and results as above.

Rumania
(+4)

Until Germany and Russia are at war, Russia may trigger a Rumanian diplomatic die roll only by making territorial demands of Rumania.

All modifiers and results as above. In addition:

Additional Modifiers:
-1For every ten factors of Russian ground units adjacent to Rumania (applicable only if Russia is making territorial demands of Rumania).
-1If the RGT level is five or less.
+1If the RGT level is ten or more and Germany and Russia are not at war.
+2If Russia is making or has made territorial demands of Rumania.
+1If Russia has entered Bessarabia.
+1If Russia and Rumania are fighting over Bessarabia.

Additional Results:
1-2Bessarabia is annexed by Russia (also applies to a "0" result).
3-4Rumania may choose to resist Russian territorial demands; if so, a Russo-Rumanian border war breaks out. The German player decides whether Rumania resists (66.12C).
5-6Rumania may choose to resist Russian territorial demands; if so, a Russo-Rumanian border war breaks out. The German player decides whether Rumania resists (66.12C).
7Rumania resists Russian territorial demands; a Russo-Rumanian border war breaks out (66.12D).
8+Russia must abandon any territorial demands on Rumania (66.12D).

Yugoslavia
(+1)
Russia may not select Yugoslavia for a diplomatic die roll until Russia is at war with Germany or the RGT level is 50 or more, although Russia may place DPs in Yugoslavia before these conditions are met. This prohibition does not apply to the Western Allies (49.434).

All modifiers and results as above. In addition:

Additional Modifiers:
-2If there is an Allied ground unit in the Balkans.
+2If Italy has not gone to war with the Western Allies.